Caring for the baby's skin Your baby's skin is sensitive and needs some special care. They may develop some skin problems like the ones listed below:
1. Diaper rash - Babies often develop rashes in their diaper area because the skin there is in contact with stool and urine. To treat diaper
rash, increase air circulation by closing the diaper loosely or using a larger size. It’s essential to keep the affected area clean and dry. This
means changing the baby’s diaper often and, during diaper changes, washing his bottom with warm water and patting it dry. Don't use soap or baby wipes; they could exacerbate the rash. Make sure to change wet diapers frequently and wipe well after bowel movements. You can also apply a white ointment, called zinc oxide to protect the skin. If the rash worsens despite the ointment, go see your baby’s doctor.
2. Baby acne - This condition will resolve itself in a matter of weeks. It consists in a small red or white bumps that typically appear on the face around the 4 - 5 weeks. To avoid the exacerbation of the problem wash the baby's face with plain water avoiding harsh detergents.
Bellybutton Stump Some newborn babies have umbilical hernias. This symptom is caused by a gap in the abdominal muscles and it isn't dangerous and will resolve on its own. Do not bind the baby’s belly in cloth or rope.
Fevers and colds You do not need to check your baby’s temperature everyday. But if your baby feels warm to the touch, or he or she is not acting normally you should take your baby’s temperature to see if he or she has a fever. For children less than 3 months (90 days) old, take an armpit (axillary) temperature. It’s a safe method that is adequate for screening. If your baby has a temperature of 100.4 degrees F (38 degrees C) or higher, your baby has a fever. Call your baby’s doctor right away. Always check with your baby’s doctor before giving your baby any medicines. The most accurate way to measure your baby’s temperature is to check his or her rectal temperature with a digital thermometer. Digital thermometers are made of plastic, low-cost, and can be easily found at your local drug store. Do not use a mercury thermometer or ear thermometer because they are not safe or accurate for babies.
Babies can get colds just like the rest of us. A cold is caused by a virus and usually results in mild symptoms in your baby. Another common illness in infants is RSV (respiratory syncytial virus). RSV usually causes mild, cold-like symptoms. Call the doctor or get emergency care.
For mild colds, there is usually no special treatment. However, if the nose becomes too runny or stuffy, it may make it hard for a young baby
to nurse or drink from a bottle. Since a baby can't blow her nose, you may have to clear out mucus by suctioning with a bulb syringe. Also talk to your doctor about using warm water or saline nose drops to loosen up dried mucus before suctioning. Don't give your baby any medications without checking first with your doctor.
Congestion Newborns often become stuffed up or congested from mucus due to the small size of their nostrils. Parent have to remove the mucus usually resorting to a bulb suction can be used to remove the mucus from your baby’s nose or mouth.
1. To suck the mucus from the mouth turn your baby on his side with the head slightly lower than the body and press in the bulb before placing it. As you suction out the mucus or milk, be careful not to catch the delicate mucous membranes inside the cheeks or the back of the throat.
2. Suck the mucus from the nose in a similar way, inserting only the tip of the bulb syringe.
Be extremely careful with this procedure. Don't suck the mouth or nose too vigorously, too often, or for too long can dry and irritate delicate tissues and cause trauma to the mouth or nose. It is normal for babies to sometimes sneeze and cough due to the mucus in their nose. Sometimes saline drops can help loosen the mucus and make bulb suctioning easier. Suctioning often, especially before feeding and sleeping, will help your baby to breathe more easily.